Indiantown was originally established by the Seminole people as a trading post. Tribes fleeing southwards from the US Army after the First Seminole War found the area an attractive place to settle due to a relatively higher elevation and ample hunting and fishing spots. It was then settled by white American migrants in the 1890s.
In 1924, Indiantown was transformed when S. Davies Warfield built an extension of the Seaboard Air Line Railway from Coleman, Florida to West Palm Beach, passing directly through—and stopping in—Indiantown.
Warfield planned to make Indiantown the southern hub of the Seaboard rail line. Toward that end, he planned a model city, laying out streets and building a school, housing, and a railroad station. Warfield also built the Seminole Inn, which is now on the National Register of Historic Places.
However, the Florida land boom of the 1920s fizzled out after 1926. Warfield died a year later, putting an end to plans to make Indiantown the Seaboard’s southern headquarters. The 1928 Okeechobee hurricane wreaked significant destruction and halted further development.
A serious effort to revitalize the local economy began in 1952 when the Indiantown Development Corporation was sold and restructured as the Indiantown Company. The Company was involved in the construction of new water and sewage systems, housing developments, docks making use of the St. Lucie River, and a 6000 foot airstrip for bringing in small cargo and civilian air traffic.
In the 1950s and 1960s Indiantown was home to the Circle T Ranch, and its Circle T Rodeo Bowl. The 1963 Rodeo event drew approximately 15000 visitors, making it the largest tourist attraction in Florida at the time. The Ranch would later be bought out and turned into a filming studio.
Seaboard trains continued to stop at the Indiantown depot through the 1960s but passenger service to the station was eliminated when Amtrak took over in 1971. The depot was demolished several years later. The Seminole Inn is virtually all that remains of the 1920s boom.
Warfield’s contributions to Indiantown are memorialized in, among others, Warfield Boulevard (the main route through Indiantown) and Warfield Elementary School.
Currently, the economy of Indiantown relies heavily on seasonal agriculture. The town also continues to make use of its position near the intersections of many major roads to act as a transportation and infrastructure hub. There are also attempts to take advantage of nearby natural wetlands and to revitalize the Rodeo in order to draw in tourists.
Indiantown is located at (27.0263, -80.4728).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the Village has a total area of 6.0 square miles (16 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,588 people, 1,648 households, and 1,264 families residing in the Village. The population density was 936.2 people per square mile (361.4/km²). There were 1,807 housing units at an average density of 302.7/sq mi (116.9/km²). The racial makeup of the Village was 45.92% White, 20.99% African American, 2.29% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.97% Pacific Islander, 26.54% from other races, and 3.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 48.93% of the population.
There were 1,648 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.3% were non-families. 17.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.39 and the average family size was 3.59.
In the Village, the population was spread out with 31.2% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 15.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 123.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 123.2 males.
The median income for a household in the Village was $28,977, and the median income for a family was $30,675. Males had a median income of $17,810 versus $19,063 for females. The per capita income for the Village was $11,085. About 18.8% of families and 23.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.3% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.